Quick Guide to Riggs Spelling Markings

Refer to our Quick Guide to Riggs Spelling Markings below or download it for future reference.

MarkingExplanationExamples
Syl·la·ble Breaksimportant because many spelling and pronunciation rules are based on syllabicationopen syllable rule: "Vowels A, E, O, U usually say their name at the end of a syllable."
Single Underlinemulti-letter phonograms – letters that work together to produce a sound in a word
single vowel when it is saying its name – this is a long vowel or second sound
certain letters in some silent final e wordsRefer to that section.
Double Underlinesilent letters
Numbers above phonogramsindicates which phonogram sound – other than the first one which is not marked
Think to Spell: ^over a phonogram not making one of its typical sounds
over a vowel not making one of its typical sounds: usually a schwa sound (uh) in an unaccented syllable


Silent Final E Jobs and Markings

Job 1Say your name, say your name!
  • underline the vowel that says its name
  • underline the consonant that the e jumps over
  • double underline the silent final e

Job 2V or U? Job 2!
English words do not end with V or U.

  • underline the V or U
  • double underline the silent final e

Job 3C or G? Job 3!
The silent final E softens C to /s/ and G to /j/ their second sounds.

  • underline the C or the G
  • double underline the silent final e

Job 4"4" every syllable, we must have written vowel.
  • underline the silent final e

Job 5Just an Odd Job E
The silent final E that does any job not covered by the other four.
  • keeps a non-plural word from ending with –s
  • adds length to a short main-idea word
  • gives distinction in homonyms
  • retains earlier spelling when the silent e was pronounced
  • any other miscellaneous reason